Nail abnormalities are problems with the color, shape also texture, or thickness of the fingernails or toenails.
Everyone wants her nails to look soft and beautiful. But as the age increases, many problems arise in the nails. Like vertical ridges and nails fungal infections. other than this, your nails may be a bit more brittle. This is harmless.
Abnormalities — Such as spots, discoloration, and nail separation can result from injuries to the fingers and hands, viral warts (periungual warts), infections (onychomycosis), and some medications, such as those used for chemotherapy.
Certain medical conditions can also change the appearance of your fingernails. However, these changes can be difficult to interpret. Your fingernails’ appearance alone isn’t enough to diagnose a specific illness. A doctor will use this information, along with your other symptoms and a physical exam, to make a diagnosis.
You should always consult your doctor if you have any questions about changes in your nails.
Nail Abnormalities Clues-
Considerations- Like the skin tell a lot about your health:
- Dark streaks, white streaks, also change in nail color. (discoloration)
- If your nails Change shape (curling or clubbing)
- Changes in nail thickness (thickening or thinning)
- If your nails become brittle.
- Nails that are pitted
- Bleeding around the nails.
- Swelling or redness around nails
- Pain around nails
- A nail separating from the skin
Nail Abnormalities Causes-
Long-term exposure to moisture or nail polish can cause nails to peel and become brittle.
Fungus or yeast cause changes in the color, texture, and shape of the nails.
Bacterial infection may cause a change in nail color or painful areas of infection under the nail or in the surrounding skin. Severe infections may cause nail loss. Paronychia is an infection around the nail fold and cuticle.
Viral warts may cause a change in the shape of the nail or ingrown skin under the nail.
Ridges are tiny, raised lines that develop across or up and down the nail.
Pitting is the presence of small depressions on the nail surface. Sometimes the nail is also crumbling. The nail can become loose and sometimes falls off. Pitting is associated with psoriasis and alopecia areata.
Crushing the base of the nail or the nail bed may cause a permanent deformity.
Certain infections (especially of the heart valve) may cause red streaks in the nail bed (splinter hemorrhages).
Kidney disease can cause a build-up of nitrogen waste products in the blood, which can damage nails.
Thyroid diseases such as hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism may cause brittle nails or a split of the nail bed from the nail plate (onycholysis).
Skin cancers near the nail and fingertip can distort the nail. Subungal melanoma is a potentially deadly cancer that will normally appear as a dark streak down the length of the nail.
Certain antibiotics can cause lifting of the nail from the nail bed.